C. Consider Executive Orders

An executive order is a rule issued by an executive branch of government, including governors, mayors, and commissioners of administrative agencies. They have the force of law and are commonly used to provide necessary authorization for interagency data sharing, to provide a statement of purpose to guide coordination among separate agencies, and to set transparency and accountability mechanisms. Many state governments use executive orders to establish governing bodies and require agencies to collaborate.

Executive Orders for Interagency Data Sharing

New York City: HHS Connect
Mayor Michael Bloomberg issued Executive Order No. 114 to set the foundation for a more connected human-service sector in New York City through interagency information sharing. This order provides a mandate and governance structure for a large-scale data integration initiative. The order defines the program’s purpose and calls upon the city’s human-service agencies to develop technology solutions, business processes, and information sharing strategies to support the mission of the program.

Virginia: Commonwealth Consortium for Mental Health and Criminal Justice Transformation
The Virginia Governor’s office issued Executive Order No. 98 to create an interagency consortium led by the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services and the Department of Criminal Justice Services to oversee diversion initiatives and cross-train employees working in behavioral health and criminal justice settings to address the needs of people passing through both systems. While this order does not directly address information sharing, it is a helpful reference of the type of executive action that can lay a framework for governance.

North Dakota:
The governor’s office issued Executive Order 2001-01, which established the Criminal Justice Information Board and the Criminal Justice Information Executive Committee to set information sharing policy and coordinate information sharing activities in the state’s criminal justice system.

More Helpful Resources on Inter-agency Governance

  1. The Governance and Management of Effective Community Health Partnerships: A Typology for Research, Policy, and Practice
  2. Connecting the Silos: Using Governance Models to Achieve Data Integration
  3. National Governor’s Association. Center for Best Practices. “Overview of State Justice Information Sharing Governance Structures” 
  4. Funding Justice Information Sharing: National Council of State Legislatures